Palisade Uses Monokok Chassis, Pajero-Fortuner Uses Ladder Frame, What’s the Difference?


The Hyundai Palisade and Mitsubishi Pajero Sport – Toyota Fortuner use a different type of chassis. The Palisade uses a monocoque type chassis, while the Mitsubishi Pajero Sport – Toyota Fortuner uses a ladder frame type chassis. What is the difference between the two types of chassis?

Product Expert PT Hyundai Motors Indonesia (HMID) explained, Bonar Pakpahan, the ladder frame chassis and the monocoque chassis have their respective advantages.

In general, ladder frame chassis uses separate frames and bodies, which are then put together. The ladder frame type chassis makes the car look more manly, because of the high ground clearance. The ladder frame chassis is also said to be more reliable in carrying heavy loads.

New Hyundai PalisadeNew Hyundai Palisade Photo: Doc. Hyundai Motors Indonesia (HMID)

“When it comes to advantages, the ladder frame chassis has the ability to withstand large loads. That’s why this chassis is widely used in trucks and pickups,” said Bonar some time ago.

The second advantage, the ladder frame chassis is claimed to have better damping because the frame and body are separate. So the vibration due to the movement of the suspension is not too channeled to the cabin. In general, ladder frame chassis vibration will be smoother.

As for the monocoque chassis, according to Bonar, it has the advantages of a compact design and lighter weight, because the frame and body become one unit.

Mitsubishi Pajero Sport FaceliftMitsubishi Pajero Sport Photo: Doc. MMKSI

“If a monocoque is compared to a ladder frame – compared to the same size – the monocoque body is lighter. If it is lighter, it will automatically affect several aspects, such as fuel consumption, because the engine does not have to push a heavy load,” he continued. Bonar.

The advantages of both monocoque bodies are in terms of performance. With a lighter body, it will also have an effect in terms of faster acceleration.